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PHYSICO – CHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF LEAVES OF PLUMERIA RUBRA LINN. Kamal Goyal, Ravi Kumar Goyal, Sanjiv Mittal and Dhruba Sankar Goswami

PHYSICO – CHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF LEAVES OF PLUMERIA RUBRA LINN.

Kamal Goyal, Ravi Kumar Goyal, Sanjiv Mittal and Dhruba Sankar Goswami

International Journal of Natural Product Science 2012: Spl Issue 1:172.

Abstract(RBIP-172)

Objective: The objective of this work is to study about the various physico- chemical parameters and preliminary phytochemical screenings of leaves of Plumeria rubra. There are growing numbers of plant based medicines, pharmaceutical products, health supplements, etc. Plumeria rubra Linn. (Apocynaceae) is a small tree with red, pink or purple centered with yellow coloured fragrant flowers. It is cultivated in the Indian gardens. Due to various uses of this plant as anti inflammatory, antileprotic, in ulcers, diabetes mellitus, rubefacient and perfumery, it is important to carry out this work which is not yet reported in our knowledge.

Results: It was found that the various physico – chemical parameters i.e. Total ash, acid insoluble ash, water soluble ash, swelling index and loss on drying were found to be 5.8, 2.0, 1.6, 3.16 and 16.67 respectively. The water soluble extractive was high in the leaves of Plumeria rubra. Preliminary phytochemical screening shows the presence of Alkaloids, Carbohydrates, Steroids, Flavanoids, Phenolic compounds, and Tannins in this plant.

Conclusion: The result included that there is presence of Alkaloids, Carbohydrates, Steroids, Flavanoids, Phenolic compounds, and Tannins in extracts of Plumeria rubra. Due to the presence of active phytochemicals, plant can be used medicinally in future.
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