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RETROSPECT ON FICUS BENGALENSIS. Dinesh nandan, Balbir singh

RETROSPECT ON FICUS BENGALENSIS.

Dinesh nandan, Balbir singh

International Journal of Natural Product Science 2012: Spl Issue 1:169.

Abstract(RBIP-169)

Ficus genus contains 750 species in world. Most species of this genus are found in tropical or subtropical region all around the world. Ficus bengalensis is evergreen tree and found all over India. It is widely known as banyan tree. This plant is planted across the sides of road commonly. Besides traditional uses of this plant have many other therapeutic uses. Various pharmacognostic and pharmacological studies reveal the medicinal properties of this plant. Plant exhibits anti-inflammatory, antihelmintic, antidiabetic, antitumor, immunomodulatory, hypolipidaemic, analgesic, antipyretic, antibacterial and antioxidant activities. Phytochemistry reveals that plant contain various chemical compounds present in different parts of plant. Bark of plant contains leucopelargonidin-3-0-α-L rhamnoside and leuco cynidin 3-0-α-D galactosyl cellobioside, glucoside, beta glucoside, pentatriacontan-5-one, beta sitosterolalpha D glucose. Leaves of plant contain crude protein, crude fibres, CaO, phosphorous, rutin, friedelin, taraxosterol, lupeol, β-amyrin along with psoralen, bergapten and β-sisterol, quercetin-3-galactoside, Leucodelphinidin derivative23, bengalenoside, Aglucoside, Leucopelargonin and leucocynidin derivatives. The latex of plant contains caoytchoue, resin, albumin, sugar and malic acid. Different extracts of different parts of plant yield abundant pharmacological activities. Although many activities had been done on the plant but there is great crave for isolation of single compound which assure specific pharmacological activity. Further this single isolated compound may require structure modification to give potent medicinal property then parent chemical compound.
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