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ARTEMISIA AFRA: A POTENTIAL FLAGSHIP FOR MEDICINAL PLANTS. Mandeep Saini, Anuradha Kaplish

ARTEMISIA AFRA: A POTENTIAL FLAGSHIP FOR MEDICINAL PLANTS.

Mandeep Saini, Anuradha Kaplish

International Journal of Natural Product Science 2012: Spl Issue 1:125.


Abstract(RBIP-125)

The genus Artemisia consists of about 500 species, occurring throughout the world. Artemisia afra [Jacq] (Asteraceae) phytotherapy is widely used for its medicinal properties in traditional practices. Artemisia afra grows in thick, bushy, slightly untidy clumps, usually with tall stems up to 2 m high, but sometimes as low as 0.6 m. The stems are thick and woody at the base, becoming thinner and softer towards the top. The major components of the oil appear to be α- and β-thujone (27.3-60.1%), 1,8-cineole (1.3-13.7%), camphor (4.6-23.1%) and α-pinene. It is used to treat various ailments ranging from coughs and colds to malaria, tuberculosis, hypertensive conditions and diabetes. In this review article description, introduction, active constituents, pharmacological activity and antioxidant activity of A. afra has been described herewith.
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