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ENZYME IMMOBILIZATION - A MODERN APPROACH. Vishal Chawla, Ramanjot Singh, Simar preet Kaur, Harsh Bansal

ENZYME IMMOBILIZATION - A MODERN APPROACH.

Vishal Chawla, Ramanjot Singh, Simar preet Kaur, Harsh Bansal

International Journal of Natural Product Science 2012: Spl Issue 1: 9.

Abstract (RBIP-09)

Enzymes are proteins that catalyze chemical reactions. Unlike more traditional organic and inorganic catalysts, enzymes are large and fragile molecules, so over the years, scientists and engineers have found it more difficult to immobilize enzyme catalysts on easily separate able supports for use and re-use in a variety of technologies. Immobilization technology creates exciting new opportunities for commercial development and profits in a wide range of industrial sectors including, healthcare and medicine, agriculture and forestry, fine and bulk chemicals production, food technology, fuel and energy production, pollution control and resource recovery. Over the last decade, enzyme immobilization has become more important in industry, medicine, and biotechnology. This review presents the state of the art of various immobilized applications as well as enzyme immobilization. This review covers the benefits, types, advantages and disadvantages and applications of enzyme immobilization. Immobilization is often the key to optimizing the operational performance of an enzyme in industrial processes, particularly for use in non-aqueous media. The advantages of immobilized enzymes over its soluble counterpart arise from their improved stability and easy separation from the reaction media leading to decrease in production cost.
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