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PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF ANTIMICROBIALS IN PEDIATRIC OUTPATIENT DEPARTMENT OF TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL, AJMER (RAJASTHAN). Sunil Kumar Mathur , Sanjay Sankhla, Arun Kumar Sharma, Reena Mathur

PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF ANTIMICROBIALS IN PEDIATRIC OUTPATIENT DEPARTMENT OF TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL, AJMER (RAJASTHAN).

Sunil Kumar Mathur, Sanjay Sankhla, Arun Kumar Sharma, Reena Mathur

International Journal of Pharmacology & Toxicology Science 2013; 3(4): 40-46

Abstract

Introduction: Prescription auditing is an important tool that brings valuable information about drug status to medical profession, public health administration and society. Drug utilization studies have been carried out extensively in adult in comparison to pediatric patients. The principal aim of drug utilization research is to facilitate rational use of drugs in population. We planned to conduct such type of study to observe the prescribing pattern of antimicrobials in pediatric outpatient department (OPD) in govt. tertiary care teaching hospital.

Aims & objective: The main purpose of present study was to evaluate prescribing pattern of antimicrobials in pediatric outpatient department.

Material & method: The study was carried out retrospectively by analyzing the copies of prescriptions obtained from the Pediatric OPD of a tertiary care teaching hospital, Ajmer.

Results: We observed that the prescribing prevalence of antimicrobials was 77.42 % in present study. Among antimicrobial agent, cephalosporins accounted for most commonly prescribed antibiotic. Average number of drugs per prescription was found to be 3.59 in this study.

Conclusions: Prescribing pattern of antimicrobials was quite high as against the WHO recommendation of antibiotic use for common childhood illness.

Key words: Antimicrobials, OPD, prescribing pattern, polypharmacy.
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